Foot structures are very complex with an abundance of bones, muscles, nerves, and vessels that together help maintain balance, mobility, and sensation. Often feet, skin & nails are not assessed during a patient health care visit due to other medical issues requiring care.
However, feet, skin & nail health are important too!
To prevent complications, early identification and management of abnormalities are essential. An initial comprehensive assessment of feet, skin & nails is an important first step in addressing any current problems and to help guide plan of care.
Remember education is key!
Inform patients of the importance of inspecting feet daily, wearing appropriate-fitting footwear and socks, providing daily foot care hygiene, and contacting a health care provider for any foot and nail changes. Be a proactive advocate for your patients’ feet, skin & nails!
1. Various medical conditions affect foot, skin & nail health, including neuropathy. List three (3) classifications of neuropathy and (2) specific foot complications for each type
2. Basic assessment of feet, skin & nails is essential for maintaining foot health. List three (3) patient history and risk factors and three (3) physical assessment components to include in a comprehensive assessment
3. Understand the importance of appropriate fitting footwear and socks to prevent foot and nail complications listing (3) recommendations to assist patients in fitting of shoes and socks.
California Board of Registered Nursing-Continuing Education Provider license/certification number 17756. 1.0 Contact Hour (s).